Senin, 01 November 2010
From the perspective of economy, the government launched “catch-up” policies both in macro and micro aspect. Deliberate strategy such as opening market, developing industry, balancing budget and issuance of national bond, and other short-run, medium-rum and long run policies, in turn, lead to the change of both comparative advantage and economic growth. To achieve such results, the role of economic plan and its clear purposes in each period, is very essential. Beside, the role of market or society such as working hard, saving some portions of income, and not spending money for imported products, is also significant support to fasten the catch-up process.
In education aspect,
categorized as one of country that has the oldest and the strongest educational
culture. Before the modern era, Japan
has had school systems such as hanko, terakoya, and private academy.
While in 1872, Japan
had established the first modern education system called gakusei. This
tradition is to be continued until post-war period, and affects the economic
progress positively. However, in recent conditions, there are serious problems
such as school violence, student not attending school, bullying, class
collapse, and lowering of academic ability. Such “educational crisis” need to
be solved to maintain the economic outstanding in Japan . Japan
Finally, from the gender and family (cultural) aspect, women can play role not only in supporting their husbands and children in household matters, but also in earning economic resources for their families. However, the role and position of a woman is exceedingly determined by the Japanese style of employment practices and the feminine movements. Stimulated by these factors, there is a great change of women’s role in modern
June 5th, 2002